Nestling on the eastern coast of India, Orissa is one of
the most exquisite regions dominated by exotic sandy
beaches, plenteous wild life, and holy temples famous
for their architectural splendor and primitive
lifestyle. The charm of the city is still well- nigh
chaste and unrevealed by the visitors, up to its full
extent. The other lure of the city lies in its tribal
population dotted with more than 62 tribal communities.
The tribal communities of Orissa constitute about 23% of
its total population. Orissa is inhabited by tribes like
Saora or Sabar that had a respectable mentioning in the
epic of Mahabharata.
Mostly the Orissa tribes are high land habitats
with opulent ethnic trait, cultures and customs
dominated by varying languages. The culture conscious
tribes are able to preserve their social customs and
dignified values. The most primitive tribes are Bondas,
Gadabas, Koyas, Kondhas and Sauras.
The culture of tribal Orissa is affluent with their own
folk songs and dances, their tattoos. Tribal culture of
Orissa is well depicted in its modern city in form of
poems, art and craft or music.
The tribes have adapted the Hindu traditions and
culture from centuries, which is mixed with their own
culture giving a distinct zest to the entire racial.
Songs and dances are the essence of the tribal culture
of Orissa. The traditions and the ceremonies for
wedding, birth and death all are represented by singing
songs, rural dances along with feasts.
The Tribal Folk
Orissan tribes are strong, assiduous and simple
hospitable tribes, normally like to be reserved and
maintain distance from the people of other communities,
as they are too shy. The major occupation of these
tribes is agriculture and fishing and hunting. Men
usually wear loin attire and women rap long stretch of
cloth around them. Women are adorned with ornaments like
bangles, armlets, bracelets, necklaces, rings, hairpins
etc usually made of silvers, aluminum, and brass. The
practice of tattooing is prevalent among women folk.
Girls above 5 years are found with tattoo mark on their
faces and hands.
Numbers of deities are worshiped by the tribes
for their happy life. Many festivals are also celebrated
with much of enthusiasm and excitement. The ceremony
rituals are observed through out the year in order to
appease their deities and ascendant.
The most significant festival of the year are the
chaita parab and push parab- this day all able men of
the village go on a hunting expedition. The tribes with
their cultural dance, song and music all distinguish
custom of their artistic life, which demarcate them from
the other non tribal groups.
Orissa acquire every thing
Orissa is a state, embellished with hilly terrain of the
Eastern Ghats, where primitive tribes dwell and a
beautiful stretch of the Indo-Aryans coast where modern
life persists. A blend of 2 discrete civilization with
contrast cultures, beautiful landscapes, beaches, rich
wildlife, offers the best of India to its visitors.